FGV Europe develops bilateral activities that stimulate the exchange of ideas, skills, and knowledge between government, universities, businesses, and civil society.

This includes the elaboration of publications and studies, the organization of seminars, congresses, and trade fairs, as well as artistic and cultural exchange programs in collaboration with European and Brazilian partners.

Events

Independently or in cooperation with partner organizations, FGV Europe organizes roundtables, seminars, conferences, and workshops. These events bring together public sector company executives, investors, researchers and practitioners from Europe, Africa, Asia and Brazil to present and discuss challenges and solutions to key issues of global and bilateral cooperation.

On a regular basis, experts from FGV lecture at national and international events and participate in meetings with ministries, government organizations, financial institutions and international governance bodies.

Publications

Complementary to our effort to create platforms for knowledge exchange, FGV Europe produces and co-authors technical studies, articles, and publications, that foster the diffusion of knowledge, ensuring a sustainable and exciting exchange of experiences between FGV and the world.

These publications are dedicated to specific themes of national and international relevance with contributions from Brazilian and foreign experts. Aware of our global reach, we make sure to develop them both in Portuguese and English.

More FGV Publications

FGV Series "Brazil in the OECD"

E-book: Brazil on its way to the OECD: exploring new challenges, February 2020

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 479)

Brazil in the OECD: full member or mere spectator?, May 2018

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 486)

The role of the OECD in the Global governance of sustainability, September 2018

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 488)

The OECD as a governance forum for multinational companies, September 2018

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 499)

The OECD and the codes of capital and intangibles: the codes of capital movement liberalization and intangibles current operations, April 2019

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 510b)

The OECD and the new demand for agriculture: productivity and sustainable agriculture policies, September 2019

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 514)

The OCDE and foreign investment, October 2019

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 515)

The OECD and the precautionary principle, October 2019

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 516)

The OECD and Transfer Pricing, November 2019

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 513)

The OECD and the corporate governance of state-owned companies, October 2019

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 527)

Good regulatory practices: the situation in Brazil assessed by the OECD, May 2020

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 528)

The degree of liberalization of Brazil according to the OECD International Trade in Services Restriction Index (STRI), May 2020

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 529)

Digital Government in Brazil: The Institutional and Regulatory Framework of Brazil from an OECD Perspective, May 2020

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 530)

OECD indicators for the analysis of the Brazilian agriculture sector, May 2020

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Working Paper Series "Brazil in the OECD" (FGV Series n. 531)

Environment, Green Growth and Sustainability, May 2020

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Brazilian Macroeconomic Overview – June edition

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FGV’s Prof. Carlos Ivan Simonsen Leal writes article about the effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Public Administration

The effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Public Administration

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Assessing the potential impacts of COVID-19 in Brazil: Mobility, Morbidity and Impact to the Health System

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Biogas: innovation and sustainability for waste and wastewater

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Series of publications about agriculture by FGV and Anufood

NATURAL CAPITAL, ECO SYSTEMIC SERVICES AND INNOVATION: PROSPECTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR BRAZIL

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ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTERS: NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCES

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Legal Amazon – Proposals for Sustainable Agricultural Development

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Brazilian Agribusiness: China and International Trade

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Cadernos FGV Projetos

Compliance, management and business culture

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Cadernos FGV Projetos

Smart Cities and Urban Mobility

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Cadernos FGV Projetos

Football and Socioeconomic Development

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Cadernos FGV Projetos

Infrastructure: Accelerating Brazil’s Growth

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Cadernos FGV Projetos

Rio and the Challenges for a Sustainable City

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Studies and Research

The Pharmaceuticals' Transportation Sector in Brazil

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Studies and Research

Culture in the Brazilian Economy

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Studies and Research

Brazilian Agribusiness Overview

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Studies and Research

Brazilian Agribusiness: Competitive and Sustainable

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Studies and Research

Government Procurement Strategies in Brazil - Auction theory and "Big Data"

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Studies and Research

Agroanalysis | Special Edition

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Studies and Research

The Spanish economic crisis and Brazil’s electricity sector

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Studies and Research

Public Administration and Management of the Judiciary

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Studies and Research

Immigration as a Strategic Vector of Brazil's Socioeconomic and Institutional Development

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Studies and Research

Evaluation of the Impact of Biofuels on Food Prices

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Studies and Research

OECD Economic Survey of Brazil: Its Findings and Methodology

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Culture Series

Art and Market in Brazil

Culture Series

Móvel Brasileiro Contemporâneo

Culture Series

Deico Vieira

Culture Series

Móvel Brasileiro Moderno

E-book: Brazil on its way to the OECD: exploring new challenges, February 2020

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the e-book “Brazil on its way to the OECD: exploring new challenges”

Brazil's accession to the OECD is, perhaps, the main news in terms of foreign policy in this decade. The process is long and will require a lot of effort so that the country can adapt to the OECD regulatory acquis, that is, a set of instruments which deal with the most varied subjects ranging from the environment, guidelines for multinationals, tax, finance and capital flow.

Brazil's participation in the multilateral scenario has always been very active, participating as as founding member of several institutions that are pillars of the international system, such as the United Nations (UN), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank and, of course, the World Trade Organization (WTO). In addition to these, Brazil always engaged in regional initiatives and in the strengthening of international cooperation in several areas.

This reveals that Brazil's entry into the OECD does not mean a radical change in its tradition of cooperating with the world and seeking, within its capabilities, the best practices on commercial, regulatory and diplomatic issues.

Therefore, joining the OECD is something to be praised. However, it is not possible to set aside the examination of the guidelines and legal instruments that the organization presents as minimum criteria requirements for the entry of any new member.

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(in Portuguese)

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Brazil in the OECD: full member or mere spectator?, May 2018

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “Brazil in the OECD: full member or mere spectator?”

In May 2017, Brazil submitted an official application for accession to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD, an international organization in which it has actively participated as a member partner since the 1990s. In view of the Brazilian request, this study seeks to understand how it works and OECD structure, as well as identifying how Brazil is getting involved in the organization's activities and how it can benefit from becoming a member. To this end, it carries out an analysis of the organization's origins and objectives, its structure, relationship with members and non-member partners, mode of action and legal instruments produced, and identifies the Brazilian performance with the Organization. Finally, it appears that, if Brazil becomes a member, it will be able to act more actively in the construction of global rules and policies.

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(In Portuguese)

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The role of the OECD in the Global governance of sustainability, September 2018

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The role of the OECD in the Global governance of sustainability”

Brazil has applied to become a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Considering this, the present analysis seeks to understand the role of the OECD in global governance of sustainability. Indeed, if Brazil is accepted as a member of the organization, the country will have to progressively make political and legislative changes in order to converge with the OECD guidelines. The article is organized in three parts. The first topic deals with Green Growth in the OECD and the repercussions of Agenda 2030. The second section presents the institutional structure of the OECD for the development and implementation of environmental projects, programs, actions and systems. The third topic organizes the OECD reports in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals, further elucidating the decisions of the Organization on the environment. The paper carried out a documentary analysis of the OECD reports which summarizes the environmental measures of its projects and allows a description of what can be described as its environmental policy.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OECD as a governance forum for multinational companies, September 2018

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OECD as a governance forum for multinational companies”

The growth of multinational enterprises on the international scene has made state regulation insufficient, which has strengthened the importance of International Organizations to regulate the issue. This paper highlights the performance of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in global governance and, in particular, analyzes its Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises as recommendations jointly addressed by OECD member and non-OECD member governments to multinational corporations. The monitoring and implementation of the Guidelines is carried out by the OECD Investment Committee and the National Contact Points (NCPs). Brazil adhered to the Guidelines in 1997, established its NCP in 2003, and has sought to adapt its policies to the content of the instrument.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OECD and the codes of capital and intangibles: the codes of capital movement liberalization and intangibles current operations, April 2019

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OECD and the codes of capital and intangibles: the codes of capital movement liberalization and intangibles current operations”

After starting its approach to OECD activities in the 90s, Brazil submitted a formal letter of accession to the Organization in May 2017. Since then, the country has sought to adapt and adhere to the OECD legal instruments, among them, the Codes of Liberalization of Capital Movements and Current Invisible Operations. The present study examines the general content of the Codes, objectives, principles and functioning. It was found that, while establishing liberalization commitments, the Codes also establish mechanisms for liberalization to take place gradually and progressively, while respecting the needs of the countries. In this way, by adhering to the Codes, Brazil will reinforce its position as a country committed to international rules and will have ensured that the liberalization of items occurs gradually, according to national needs. Annex I presents the mapping of reservations already presented by all adherents to the Codes. Annex II presents a comparative table with the contents of the two Codes, to facilitate reading and joint understanding.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OECD and the new demand for agriculture: productivity and sustainable agriculture policies, September 2019

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OECD and the new demand for agriculture: productivity and sustainable agricultural policies”

Brazil's accession to the OECD demands knowledge and compliance with the Organization's principles and guidelines in all sectors. In agriculture, the accession process faces challenges OECD related to the compatibility of agribusiness production and sustainable development, whose international goals and objectives are foreseen, among other documents, in the United Nations Agenda 2030. Understanding Brazil's adequacy challenges to enter the OECD in the agriculture sector requires a comprehensive understanding of OECD-oriented values and programs. In this sense, this article presents an overview of the demands of agriculture according to the OECD understanding. In the first topic, we analyze the work of the OECD on the Sustainable Development Goals (Agenda 2030) in the elaboration of sustainable agriculture. The second topic discusses how agriculture is organized in the OECD. Finally, in the third topic, the main themes of agriculture are explained.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OCDE and foreign investment, October 2019

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OCDE and foreign investment”

The OECD was founded in 1961 with the aim of promoting economic development, improving living standards and expanding world trade on a multilateral basis. The organization operates through studies and discussions by its members, addressing a wide range of issues, later developing standards and guidelines promoting best practices. One of the organization's matter of great interest is foreign investments, especially those focused on infrastructure. The OECD has many investment regulations, partly binding and partly non-binding. Brazil is in line with the OECD agenda and has adhered to part of these standards, but has not yet internalized many others, partly due to investment financing problems, executive agencies indecision, taxation, competition and poor project structuring. Among those that the country has joined, some tangible results can be perceived, such as the National Contact Points, the Investment Ombudsman and the National Investment Committee are among the most important advances.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OECD and the precautionary principle, October 2019

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OECD and the precautionary principle”

The precautionary principle has no univocal concept. Although used in various legal documents, the principle remains contested on its rational-scientific basis and in its usefulness in mitigating environmental damages. Concerning these two dimensions, the opposition between the American and the European perspectives on the subject stands out. This duality of views is identified, for example, within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which, although adopting the principle in certain circumstances, limits its application. This article aims to analyze how the precautionary principle is used in the OECD in its various normative documents and in the analytical reports produced by its experts.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OECD and Transfer Pricing, November 2019

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OECD and Transfer Pricing”

The OECD is currently composed by thirty-six (36) member countries, considered one of the most relevant in the present global scenario, is engaged is fostering economic development and commercial integration of its members by means of instituting common public policies and standardized regulation at domestic level. Brazil has presented its request for accession in May 2017 and, since then, has been organizing itself internally to meet OECD’s requirements concerning domestic legal and regulatory suitability in order to advance with the accession procedure to the organization. This Paper presents a brief analysis on sensitive issues to be tackled by Brazil to conform to the legal and regulatory standards necessary to accede to OECD, especially regarding Transfer Price (or Transfer Pricing) and the impacts derived from its determination and adjustments on multinational businesses established in Brazil. Key words: OECD, Tax Regulation, Multinationals, Transfer Price, Transfer Pricing.

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(In Portuguese)

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The OECD and the corporate governance of state-owned companies, October 2019

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The OECD and the corporate governance of state-owned companies”

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) was founded in 1961 with the aim of promoting economic development, improving living standards and expanding world trade on a multilateral basis. The organization operates through studies and discussions by its members, addressing a wide range of issues, later developing standards and guidelines promoting best practices. Among these issues, an important theme is corporate governance of state-owned companies: the subject matter of three non-binding standards, but with great moral effect. Brazil is not a full member of the OECD, but it is a key-partner active in its groups. Of the three standards on corporate governance in state-owned companies, the country has adhered to only one of them.

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(In Portuguese)

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Good regulatory practices: the situation in Brazil assessed by the OECD, May 2020

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “Good regulatory practices: the situation in Brazil assessed by the OECD”

The authors' purpose is to analyze, from a historical perspective, the theme of regulation in the OECD, focusing on the Brazilian situation in relation to the Organization's recommendations and guidelines. Normative and descriptive documents produced by the OECD will be scrutinized, with emphasis on those exclusively focused on the theme of good regulatory practices.

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(In Portuguese)

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The degree of liberalization of Brazil according to the OECD International Trade in Services Restriction Index (STRI), May 2020

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “The degree of liberalization of Brazil according to the OECD International Trade in Services Restriction Index (STRI)”

This article assesses Brazil's performance in international services trade, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, under the criteria established by the Service Trade Restrictiveness Index - STRI, developed by the Organization.

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(In Portuguese)

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Digital Government in Brazil: The Institutional and Regulatory Framework of Brazil from an OECD Perspective, May 2020

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “Digital Government in Brazil: The Institutional and Regulatory Framework of Brazil from an OECD Perspective”

The following work aims to present the institutional framework and Brazilian government’s policies within the public sector in the context of the digital transformation through the OECD’s perspective. The OECD Digital Government Review of Brazil: Towards the Digital Transformation of the Public Sector report war adopted as the guiding material, in which are described the evaluations and recommendations for the efforts and governmental initiatives in the digital area.

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(in Portuguese)

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OECD indicators for the analysis of the Brazilian agriculture sector, May 2020

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “OECD indicators for the analysis of the Brazilian agriculture sector”

The article aims to present the OECD indicators for the Brazilian agricultural sector. First, the main data on Brazil presented in the report "OECD-FAO Agricultural Perspectives" are presented, especially for the period 2019-2028. Subsequently, the main OECD indicators are presented, which comprise the production of the main agricultural commodities, support indexes to agricultural production, as well as environmental aspects.

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(in Portuguese)

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Environment, Green Growth and Sustainability, May 2020

In August 2017, the School of Economics of FGV (FGV EESP), Center on Global Trade and Investments (CCGI) launched a research group to study the costs and opportunities of the accession of Brazil to the OECD.

Vera Thorstensen leads this group. Vera is a professor at FGV School of Economics (FGV EESP) and Head of the Center on Global Trade and Investments.

About the working paper “Environment, Green Growth and Sustainability”

In the process of accession of Brazil to the OECD, the country will pass through the scrutiny of OECD members based on the Organization’s green indicators: sustainability indicators, green growth indicators and environment indicators. In accordance this, the proposal of this paper is to present the OECD green indicators and emphasize the data that the Organization has about Brazil under the analysis of some of these indicators.

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(in Portuguese)

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Brazilian Macroeconomic Overview – June edition

Brazilian Macroeconomic Overview – June edition FGV IBRE

Resumption of activities amid uncertainty In the last month, the pandemic has begun to show signs of being controlled in developed countries, with the exception of some U.S. states. In developed countries, governments have moved forward with the process of reopening the economy, while maintaining preventive measures to reduce the risk of new waves of infection.

At the same time, the strong monetary and fiscal stimulus initiated in March has helped to avoid a deeper and more prolonged recession. After a sharp decline in activity in March and an even sharper one in April, the preliminary data for May indicates that developed economies are starting to recover. The worst may be behind us. Even if new waves of contamination occur, they are unlikely to lead to the comprehensive suspension of activities.

But will the global recovery be V-shaped? Probably not. On both the supply side and demand side, the most likely scenario is a stronger but partial recovery in the third quarter, followed by more moderate expansion in the following quarters. Global GDP is only expected to return to the level of late 2019 in mid-2022.

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Brazilian Macroeconomic Overview – May edition

Brazilian Macroeconomic Overview – May edition

FGV IBRE

Light at the end of the tunnel? Little by little, signs are appearing that the coronavirus pandemic is being controlled globally. There is no question that the total numbers of confirmed cases (almost 5 million) and deaths (approaching 350,000) are high. However, both have grown less than 2% a day for the past week, and these rates are continuing to fall. In the countries and locations where this process is more advanced, lockdown measures have been loosened and people have been moving around again, without news of any major spikes in cases. This has fueled a certain return of risk appetite. In some cases, such as Germany, the fall in GDP in the second quarter, although large, may be less horrendous than some people predicted.

In Brazil, the present moment is challenging. On the one hand, we are still in the acute phase of the pandemic, as the numbers of new daily cases and deaths have increased considerably throughout the month of May, and there are no concrete signs of a significant slowdown in the short term. As a result, the economic impacts have been severe. Since March, activity indicators have shown a more intense contraction of GDP in the first and second quarters than previously forecast. We have revised our projection of GDP decline in the first quarter, compared to the previous quarter, from 0.7% to 1.0%. For the second quarter, we have revised the projected decline from 5.7% to 9.6%. For the year, we have changed our forecast of GDP contraction from 3.4% to 5.4%.

Data Highlights

IGP-DI rises 1.07% in May

The General Price Index - Internal Availability (IGP-DI) rose 1.07% in May, a percentage higher than that obtained in the previous month, when it had registered a rate of 0.05%. With this result, the index accumulated an increase of 2.89% in the year and 6.81% in 12 months. In May 2019, the index had risen 0.40% and accumulated an increase of 6.93% in 12 months.

IGP-DI May 2020

Inflation for families with income up to 2.5 minimum wages advances and remains above the IPC-BR

The Consumer Price Index - Class 1 (IPC-C1) of May fell 0.30%, being 0.34 percentage point (p.p.) below April when the index registered a rate of 0.04%. With this result, the indicator accumulates an increase of 0.81% in the year and 2.59% in the last 12 months.

IPC-C1 May 2020

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The effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Public Administration

The COVID-19 crisis is unique in human history. Although there have been many other pandemics, it is the first time that a disease of this type has spread in such a quick manner thanks to the simplified transport routes. Production chains have never been so strongly integrated, nor has the relevance of international trade been so high. The existence of modern communication channels simplifies and at the same time makes the fight against the disease more difficult. On the one hand, we are able to track the infection chains and the efficiency of the measures to contain the virus are better than in the past with new technologies. On the other hand, they can be misused as a tool to increase social unrest and citizens' fears through false reports and through the extreme politicization of crisis management decisions.

Read the article in german.

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Assessing the potential impacts of COVID-19 in Brazil: Mobility, Morbidity and Impact to the Health System

FGV’s School of Applied Mathematics (FGV EMAp) assessed the potential impacts of COVID-19 in Brazil.

The study looked at the two largest Brazilian cities, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, that have declared community transmission of COVID-19 on mid March, 2020. In this study FGV Emap estimated the most vulnerable areas in Brazil for COVID-19, both in terms of risk of introduction and risk of mortality associated with social vulnerability. It explored the most likely routes of spread through the country, from the already exposed cities, according to human mobility statistics. The resulting maps should help authorities in their efforts to prioritize actions and if resource allocation to mitigate the effects of the pandemic.

To access the report click here.

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Macroeconomic Bulletin - FGV IBRE

Take a look at the January Macroeconomic Bulletin of The Brazilian Institute of Economics – FGV IBRE!

This month’s edition talks about - Measured optimism.

The external situation began the year relatively favorably. There are clearer signs of stabilization in world economic activity, after months of deceleration, with most economic indicators signaling a reduction in the risk of a global recession in 2020.

This is therefore better than in 2019, a year that was marked by different sources of international tension, viewed as potential triggers of a possible (and feared) recession. The industrial sector, which was the most affected by the reduction in world trade, has shown a slight recovery in Europe and most Asian countries. In the United States, the data still indicates weakness in this sector. However, the service sector remains very resilient. In fact, in the vast majority of countries, there is a mismatch not just between the industrial sector and service sector, but also between investment and household consumption. The latter is sustained by a labor market that remains quite favorable.

It is also important to moderate our optimism so that we do not neglect the government’s reforms, which continue to be highly necessary. In fact, it is important to emphasize that within Brazil, the main risk is that the sense of urgency may lessen in this second year of the Bolsonaro administration. The tendency to delay the adoption of solutions to Brazil’s structural problems exists, and this may increase as the economy’s cyclical recovery advances.

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Biogas: innovation and sustainability for waste and wastewater

This publication brings to the debate the use of biogas as an integrated solution of innovation, circular economy and natural capital conservation, in support of sustainable development. The biogas sector is analysed from the angle of the energetic utilization of biomass from sewage and municipal solid waste.

The use of this type of biogas is expanding in the international market, especially in Europe, and constitutes an excellent opportunity for the generation of new businesses in countries with great potential for bioenergy production such as Brazil.

In addition, strategic considerations are made for the strengthening of the biogas market in Brazil, highlighting the importance of technology transfer and absorption from mature markets, like the European one.

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Series of publications about agriculture by FGV and Anufood

As a knowledge partner of Koelnmesse, responsible to bringing to Brazil an exclusive trade fair for the food and beverage industry - Anufood Brazil 2019, FGV developed exclusive sectoral studies intended to provide an in-depth analysis on specific sector issues to help businesses, policymakers, and the like, in their decision-making process. Doing so, we produced the following 9 reports:

  1. The Brazilian Cachaça Industry. Download.

  2. The Brazilian Meat Sector. Download.

  3. The Brazilian Beer and Wine Industry. Download.

  4. The Juice and Tea Industry in Brazil. Download.

  5. The Brazilian Chocolate, Peanuts, and Candies Industry. Download.

  6. Brazilian Coffee Industry. Download.

  7. The Truck Drivers' Strike. Download.

  8. The Brazilian Dairy Sector. Download.

  9. The Brazilian Wheat Sector. Download.

AGRIBUSINESS

The bilingual publication by FGV Projetos has the theme of agribusiness. The publication features an interview with FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, which addresses issues related to global hunger eradication and sustainable production. This is a document of Roberto Rodrigues that presents the perspectives for agribusiness and an agriculture in Brazil, considering the increase of the world population by 2050, according to the United Nations. With articles of interest in the area, "Agribusiness" seeks to promote a discussion on the subject, situating itself in the country as one of the main players in the production and export of products such as soy, coffee, meat etc.

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NATURAL CAPITAL, ECO SYSTEMIC SERVICES AND INNOVATION: PROSPECTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR BRAZIL

"Natural Capital, Eco systemic Services and Innovation: Perspects and Opportunities for Brazil" is a bilingual publication that reflects on the complex human-nature relationship, seeking to value environmental assets to show the benefits generated by a more sustainable use of resources and to insert the approach decision-making processes of governments and companies. As a starting point, the authors analyze the environmental situation in Brazil and in the world, adopt perspectives and opportunities for sustainable development, present concepts considered strategic, such as natural capital and ecosystem services, and address the role of innovation in protection and recovery natural resources and boosting the green economy.

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ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTERS: NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCES

This publication is the result of the three-day conference held in 2017, which was composed of master classes, workshops, and seminars, organized by FGV Projetos with the support of the Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany in Rio de Janeiro.

With technical guidance from Carlos Augusto Costa and Silvia Finguerut, project coordinators of FGV Projetos, the book seeks, throughout its four chapters, to encourage the study and improvement of public policies to prevent other disasters of this size from happening, raising important issues on environmental recovery and socioeconomic development.

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Legal Amazon – Proposals for Sustainable Agricultural Development

Held in partnership with the Fundação Getulio Vargas’ Agribusiness Centre (GV Agro), this bilingual study examines sustainable development proposals for agricultural and livestock production in the Legal Amazon, an area of more than 500 million hectares covering states in Brazil’s North, Northeast and Mid-West regions. The region is notable for its natural resource wealth and importance in the carbon cycle and regulation of global climate. The study also offers a retrospective of deforestation in the region over recent decades, traces the history of local agricultural and livestock production and considers the question of social vulnerability, in addition to presenting a methodology for classifying and identifying low carbon-emission agricultural and livestock systems, examining their economic feasibility and analysing related public proposals.

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Brazilian Agribusiness: China and International Trade

Brazilian Agribusiness: China and International Trade is a bilingual publication produced in partnership with the Fundação Getulio Vargas’ Agribusiness Centre (GV Agro). The study focusses on Brazilian agribusiness, which in recent decades has played an important role in expanding Brazil’s international trade and its bilateral relations with China, which in addition to being the second largest global economy and one of the world’s main consumer markets, is one of Brazil’s major trade partners. Accordingly, the study addresses not just the entry of Brazilian agribusiness into global value chains, examining the new export list and international investment flows, but offers a wide-ranging analysis of the Chinese economy, pointing to challenges and opportunities, particularly as concerns agribusiness and relations with Brazil.

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Sustainable Cities

The bilingual 30th issue of Cadernos FGV Projetos, on the theme of Sustainable Cities, features an interview of Simone Raskob, Environment and Building consultant in Essen, Germany, and leader of the project that won the city the title of Green Capital of Europe 2017. This issue also includes contributions from Elizabeth Yee, Vice-President for Solutions for Cities of the 100 Resilient Cities programme, and Marilene Ramos, Director of the BNDES and Professor of the Ebape/FGV, who spoke about how their institutions have worked to foster more sustainable, resilient practices in Brazil and around the world. The Caderno also offers articles by experts and urban managers, including Researcher and Project Leader Clara Brandi, of the German Development Institute (DIE) (“The role of cities: implementation of Agenda 2030 and the Paris Agreement”), Under-Secretary for Urbanism and Urban Mobility of the Niterói Municipal Government, Rogério Gutierrez (“Urban sustainability and resilience: data, information and technology as territorial management tools”), ITS Rio members, Ronaldo Lemos, Fabro Steibel and Victor Vicente (“Citizens participation and the environmental crisis in cities”), as well as pieces by FGV Professor, Rossana Pavanelli (“Business models in the collaborative economy”), FGV Projetos Coordinators, Carlos Augusto Costa (“Smart cities: the challenge of sustainable planning”), Marco Contardi and Marco Saverio Ristuccia (“Smart sustainable cities: innovative urban changes in Brazil”) and other leading urban planning and urban development professionals.

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Compliance, management and business culture

The 28th edition of Cadernos FGV Projetos concerns the theme “Compliance, Management and Corporate Culture”. This bilingual publication includes an interview with Benjamin Zymler, the Minister of Brazil´s Federal Court of Accounts, testimonials by Peter Eigen, Founder of the Advisory Council of Transparency International, and Reinaldo Makoto Goto, Director of Compliance at Seimens Brazil. Patrick Moulette, Chief of the Anticorruption Division of the OECD, and Christine Uriarte, Senior Judicial Analyst of the Anticorruption Division at OECD, also participate in the publication analyzing the impact of corporative compliance in the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in international transactions. Moreover, the publication also includes articles by Regis Fichtner (“Compliance and Brazilian Law: Possibilities and limits for private businesses), Ricardo Simonsen (“The challenges of compliance”), Mário Engler (“Corruption, governance, ethics and compliance”) and Carlos Ari Sundfeld (“Compliance: a reflection on the control systems in the public and private sectors”).

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Smart Cities and Urban Mobility

New bilingual edition of Cadernos FGV Projetos No. 24: Smart Cities and Urban Mobility. The publication brings together interviews, testimonials and articles that discuss solutions and challenges for the creation of smarter cities, not only concerning solutions offered by technological development, but also by innovative management models. Urban planners and leaders, such as the former Mayor of Bogotá and the director of the Operations Center of Rio de Janeiro, present some of the endeavors to create smarter cities.

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Football and Socioeconomic Development

With the approach of the 2014 World Cup, this issue of Cadernos FGV Projetos covers the productive chain in football and its reflections on the growth of the Brazilian GDP. If well harnessed, the World Cup, its new stadiums (Arenas) and enhanced professionalization of the management of clubs could take Brazilian football to the same position off-pitch as on the field. The publication includes interviews with the Minister for Sport, Aldo Rebelo; the Technical Coordinator of the Brazilian team, Carlos Alberto Parreira; and the President of Fifa, Joseph Blatter, among other renowned professionals of the sector. The English version was at the event II World Economy and Brazil, inaugurating a new graphic design in a lighter and more compact format, which represents a better use of paper (paperless). To achieve this new format, research was carried out with “Think Tanks”, using international editorial models as reference, such as the London Business School.

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Infrastructure: Accelerating Brazil’s Growth

Brazil is becoming established as one of the major world economies and has transformed itself into a primarily urban country. In line with this trend, vast investments have been made in infrastructure in recent years, and this has also intensified due to the forthcoming major events such as the 2014 Football World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. This edition of "Cadernos FGV Projetos", published on the occasion of the III Brazil Infrastructure Investments Forum in the United States dedicated to the topic of Infrastructure, features some of the successful experiences that have contributed to the country's modernization. Various topics are discussed, from sanitation to civil construction, including transportation, telecommunications, logistics, investment, hiring and management models, as well as the challenges facing cities and municipalities and the key requirements of the sector. The publication will be released in English during the seminar and subsequently in Portuguese.

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Rio and the Challenges for a Sustainable City

This edition of "Cadernos FGV Projetos" covers the moment of growth and consolidation of Rio de Janeiro city from the angle of sustainability. With this, FGV wants to propose new answers to the challenge of being sustainable in times of a fast-growth scenario, absorption of the impacts of investments in infrastructure, realization of events with international influence and tourism expansion on society, the environment and the economy.

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Agribusiness in Brazil

FGV, together with the Agribusiness Center of the São Paulo School of Economics of FGV Foundation (GV Agro/EESP), has been at the forefront of major advances in Brazilian and international agribusiness. At the global level, FGV Foundation has worked together with the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and major international organizations to develop and implement economic and financial feasibility projects relating to agroenergy in several Tropical Belt countries. A number of technical cooperation agreements have been signed to facilitate work in this field, including partnerships between: (1) Brazil and the United States for the promotion and development of biomass energy in Central America and the Caribbean; (2) the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and African countries to develop biomass projects; and (3) the European Union and Brazil for a feasibility study of biofuel and foodstuff production in Mozambique. As a result of these initiatives, 13 countries have already been the subject of feasibility studies for the development of more than 50 biomass projects related to ethanol, biodiesel, electricity, steam, and foodstuffs. In this issue, FGV presents an overview of the current agribusiness scenario and its contribution to the world.

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The Pharmaceuticals' Transportation Sector in Brazil

This study takes a close look at the medical transportation sector in Brazil, observing the complexity of this branch of the pharmaceutical industry and its peculiarities from an approach that considers the present competitive landscape and the effects of the primary changes that have taken place in recent years, as well as prospects for the area. In this context, the publication points to advances and obstacles in the development of the transport of medicine in the country, while also reflecting on the integration of different actors in the pharmaceutical chain.

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Doing Business in Brazil

The 1st edition of the series Doing Business in Brazil: a Cross-Cultural Perspective provides a panorama about how the country´s culture influences the business environment in Brazil. Brazil is a multicultural country with a complex bureaucracy that may confuse and deter investors. This study offers an interdisciplinary analysis that examines the business environment in Brazil in the country´s cultural context, a key element for maximizing efficiency and effectiveness in business affairs.

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Culture in the Brazilian Economy

In a globalized world, culture holds the potential to connect countries and economies. As a relevant topic for the economy, the cultural sector serves as a basis for the most recent study by FGV: “Culture in the Brazilian Economy”. The analysis, created in response to a challenge proposed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), intends to trace indicators to measure cultural participation in the Brazilian economy and society. Three fundamental aspects were considered: the public budget, the labor market and family consumption.

This publication is a part of the series of actions by FGV Projects aimed to highlight the cultural sector as an important element of socioeconomic development in Brazil.

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Food Industry in Brazil

This study aims to present the structure of the Brazilian food supply chain and in South America, especially regarding the distribution model and retail structure. The high degree of dispersion of the latter can represent a strong opportunity not only for foreign investors, but also for companies interested in exporting exclusive goods.

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Brazilian Agribusiness Overview

Aside from being an international leader in the production and exportation of orange juice, Brazil possesses a strong position in other sectors of the food market, such as grains, meats and dairy products. Coffee and sugar are two examples with high production and exportation indices. This publication, created in partnership with the Agribusiness Center of the Economics School of São Paulo, aims to highlight the country´s position in various agribusiness sectors in order to provide a broader understanding of Brazil´s role in the food market.

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Brazil Competitive Profile

This study analyzes the competitiveness of the Brazilian states by productivity sector and microregions, revealing a country with many investment opportunities and peculiarities arising from its diversity. The methodology utilized by the multidisciplinary group at FGV concerns the analysis of 14 areas that directly influence the country´s development, such as education, health, infrastructure, innovation, markets, agriculture and natural resources. The results obtained evaluate 224 indicators, incorporated into a competitiveness map of 558 microregions in Brazil.

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Brazilian Agribusiness: Competitive and Sustainable

The ABC Plan – Agricultura de Baixa Emissão de Carbono (Low Carbon Emission Agriculture) is a public policy composed of actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from farming (agriculture and cattle raising). To contribute to the viability and implementation of the plan, the Agribusiness Center of the Economics School of São Paulo (GV Agro), in partnership with GVCes, created the ABC Observatory, with the objective of realizing studies and promoting discussions about the topic. This publication, completed in partnership with GV Agro, presents the results of the plan using content gathered by the ABC Observatory.

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Government Procurement Strategies in Brazil - Auction theory and "Big Data"

The study of FGV, coordinated by economist Fernando Blumenschein, develops a specific methodological framework for government procurement based on research conducted for the National Fund for Educational Development (Fundo Nacional de Desenvolvimento da Educação, FNDE). This study highlights the potential use of the concepts of the theory of auctions together with methods of analysis of "Big Data" in shaping public sessions.

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Agroanalysis | Special Edition

The economic growth currently being experienced in Brazil is prompting Brazilian citizens to learn more about how their country functions, and also to become more demanding in terms of the services provided to them. Therefore, it is time for the State to begin upgrading the quality of its services through the modernization, transparency and efficiency of its systems. With this point in mind, the business school has compiled a publication on public administration and management of the Judiciary. The book covers a conference that was held in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia to foster exchange of information between Brazilian and German speakers. It includes forewords from Carlos Ivan Simonsen Leal, president of FGV, and Gilmar Mendes, Supreme Court Justice (STF).

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The Spanish economic crisis and Brazil’s electricity sector

Amid the recent global financial crisis which began in 2008, the dynamics of the Spanish capital has been marked by output signals from the public-utilities sector in Latin America, by the emphasis on natural monopolies and by a continued consolidation movement - either by Spanish companies buying out its competitors or selling assets to entities in other countries. The study "The Spanish economic crisis and Brazil´s electricity sector" examines in which ways this trend has been influencing the Brazilian electricity sector. With this goal, it examines the structure and the relations of these direct investments with the Brazilian regulatory environment in Spain and the Spanish financial environment. This publication also quantifies detailed evidence on the structure and the impact of the crisis on microeconomic and sectoral spheres.

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Public Administration and Management of the Judiciary

The economic growth currently being experienced in Brazil is prompting Brazilian citizens to learn more about how their country functions, and also to become more demanding in terms of the services provided to them. Therefore, it is time for the State to begin upgrading the quality of its services through the modernization, transparency and efficiency of its systems. With this point in mind, the business school has compiled a publication on public administration and management of the Judiciary. The book covers a conference that was held in Rio de Janeiro and Brasilia to foster exchange of information between Brazilian and German speakers. It includes forewords from Carlos Ivan Simonsen Leal, president of FGV, and Gilmar Mendes, Supreme Court Justice (STF) .

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Immigration as a Strategic Vector of Brazil's Socioeconomic and Institutional Development

Immigration as a Strategic Vector of Brazil's Socioeconomic and Institutional Development shows that Brazil is in urgent need of public policies to attract and retain highly skilled professionals in strategic areas for its socioeconomic development. The aim is to foster the development of strategic industries and advance in science, technology, and innovation, recognizing immigration as a vector of the development of human capital. On this basis, immigration policies must be articulated with analyses of skill shortages in the Brazilian labor market, with strategic perspectives for the short, medium and long term. This publication is the first of a series of strategic studies of public policy resulting from the partnership between FGV and Public Policy and Management Directorate (DAPP).

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Evaluation of the Impact of Biofuels on Food Prices

At the end of 2008, FGV sponsored a survey to analyze the determining factors behind food prices. Among the main conclusions of the study, it was established that the expansion in the production of biofuels – more precisely ethanol from sugar cane – was not a relevant factor for the rise in food prices observed over the course of the year 2008. What really contributed decisively to the rise in food prices was speculation in the futures markets and an increase in demand at a time when world stockpiles were low.

This publication - specially developed for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and FGV Foundation’s seminar ‘Agribusiness in Brazil: Policies, Experiences and Perspectives” (Paris, November 2011) - updates the earlier work by investigating the causes of price increases.

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OECD Economic Survey of Brazil: Its Findings and Methodology

The OECD survey, presented in November at the Getulio Vargas Foundation, examines the main challenges facing Brazil in its recovery from the global economic crisis and proposes reforms to increase long-term growth, encourage investment and reduce poverty.

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Art and Market in Brazil

Organized by the Director of FGV Projetos, Cesar Cunha Campos, with a preface by Paulo Herkenhoff, the book Art and Market in Brazil brings together texts by curators and professors like Federico Coelho, Ligia Canongia, Daniela Labra, Felipe Scovino and George Kornis, as well as specialists at FGV. The book offers different perspectives on various moments in Brazilian art as it relates to the creation of the art market. At times conflicting, the perspectives presented in the book contribute to the formation of a panorama that allows the reader to reflect on the nuances and paradoxes of this topic, little explored by the art world. The book is on sale at the Editora FGV.

Móvel Brasileiro Contemporâneo

FGV is once again prominent in the area of culture by publishing the continuation of Modern Brazilian Furniture, also idealized by the Director of FGV Projetos, Cesar Cunha Campos, coordinated by Silvia Finguerut and with Paulo Herkenhoff as editorial director.

Launched during the Design Rio Week in October 2013, the book “Móvel brasileiro contemporâneo” (Contemporary Brazilian Furniture) shows the production of furniture from the 1970s until today through the work of 63 leading names in the area, such as Índio da Costa, Claudia Moreira Salles, the Campana brothers, Isabela Vecci and Hugo França.

Deico Vieira

Conceived by the Director of FGV Projetos Cesar Cunha Campos and written by Paulo Herkenhoff, Decio Vieira is the first book about the life and work of the important Brazilian neo-concretism artist. Stemming from research developed over two years, Decio Vieira brings together 200 images and presents the diverse phases and experiences of the artist, including his first exhibitions, friendships, lectures and influences, highlighting especially Ivan Serpa and Alfredo Volpi. The work values the initiative by the Fundação Getulio Vargas, which in the 1940s formed a generation of artists through the Advertisment Design and Graphic Arts Course, where Decio began his artistic career in 1946. Other than this, the book includes the unpublished article “Decio Vieira e o neoconcretismo: vigor e lirismo”, written by the art critic Frederico Morais, coordinator of the Rio de Janeiro Museum of Modern Art courses while Decio lectured at the institution in the 1970s.

Móvel Brasileiro Moderno

FGV is also prominent in the area of culture, encouraging research and diffusion in the field of arts and culture. Conceived by the director of FGV Projetos, Cesar Cunha Campos and coordinated by Silvia Finguerut, with the editorial direction of Paulo Herkenhoff and the support of the CPDOC team, the book Móvel Brasileiro Moderno provides an overview of the recent history of furniture design in Brazil, from the 1920s to the 1960s.

The book contains images of real masterpieces translated into furniture, conceived by artists and designers like Gregori Warchavchik, Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer, and Abraham Palatnik, among others. Among the pieces selected, some have been photographed for the first time. The launch of the book was on 2012

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